Equity and Iniquity: The Inedible Portions of Our Food

Equity and Iniquity: The Inedible Portions of Our Food - Food & Nutrition Magazine - Stone Soup
Photo Courtesy of Teresa Turner

#NutritionIsLife #JusticeIsLife #DevotedToDietetics #DevotedToJustice #ThereIsNothingYouCannotDo — I stand by these hashtags, and they are the driving force for everything I hope to bring forth in this world. From the time I was accepted to college at the historical Tuskegee University to today, I have loved nutrition and dietetics. Equity and Iniquity: The Inedible Portions of Our Food - From the time I entered high school, I have fought for justice, equity and an end to iniquity.

Nutrition is Life

Everything we put into our bodies affects our lives either positively or negatively — some having a greater impact than others. My decision to become a registered dietitian was a subconscious one. As a child and adolescent, I wanted to be a medical doctor. That is, until I reached my senior year of high school.

Southern cooking was my family’s way of life. My grandfather suffered a stroke, my grandmother suffered from heart disease and hypertension, and my mother and grandmother both received diagnoses of diabetes. These factors developed my sustained passion for becoming an RD.

I knew that becoming an RD would enable me to reach more of the population and allow me to offer more of my zeal. In realizing and truly understanding the bearing nutrition has on overall health, and in order to help improve the quality of life for others, I began the journey. I chose a career in dietetics — rather, it chose me — because, ultimately, nutrition is life.

Justice is Life

From the second grade until high school graduation, I received my education within a predominately white school district in South County St. Louis, MO. When I was 10 years old, I earned the opportunity to complete two three-week summer enrichment program components within another predominately white school district. Each day for two weeks, I would arrive and attend summer school for math. I was a kid and I went where the grown-ups told me to go. I knew I didn’t need help with math because I was versed in the quadratic formula at the time and never earned less than an A in any math class I took. But each day, I continued to arrive and go to summer school.

Finally, when the third week began, the person in charge took me out of class, told me I was in the wrong place and ushered me to the summer enrichment program, where I should have been the entire time. It took me years to realize the gravity of that situation. Surely, there were rosters of children for both summer school and summer enrichment, but no one bothered to look. Even though I was not on the summer school roster and was being marked absent day after day on the summer enrichment program roster, no one bothered to check or to call my mother. They assumed I must be there for summer school. They assumed I couldn’t possibly have been gifted and earned the right to partake in a summer enrichment program.

I was embarrassed, and I was traumatized. As a 10-year-old kid, I walked into a program that was nearly over — the only Black kid in the room, as usual. Everyone had already bonded. They had been working on nifty science projects together for weeks. So, not only was I the only Black kid, but I was completely alone in all other aspects as well. After the first three-week session concluded, I told my mother that I did not want to go back for the other half. I did not want to feel alone for another three weeks.

Imagine if I had started with the other children. I tried to imagine but never could. That experience, the one I had earned, was stolen from me, all due to the assumption that if a Black child entered the building, it must be because they failed a class and needed summer school.

I did not fully grasp the impact of that injustice at the time, but by 14 years old I knew this nation and the mindsets of its citizens were not right. I knew the state of things needed to change.

Devoted to Dietetics

I was the only Black student in our National Honor Society in high school. I was the only Black student in all of my AP math and science classes. Yet, I knew I was not the only capable Black student. By the time college applications were due, I felt the only option for my emotional and mental well-being was to attend a predominately and historically Black university. I needed to be surrounded by Black valedictorians, scholars and game-changers; because I knew we were capable. As prestigious as Tuskegee University is, I still noticed it was looked upon as less than. Even surrounded by such excellence, I had the constant underlying mentality of needing to prove my and our worth.

On my journey to becoming a registered dietitian, I became active in the Academy. I served on the Diversity and Inclusion Committee (formerly Diversity Committee) for five years — two as a member, then Vice Chair, Chair and Past Chair. I belong to four dietetic practice groups and one member interest group. I was in the first group of FNCE® Ambassadors in 2019.

I advocate for my profession and organization in everything I do because saving and enriching the lives of people through nutrition and dietetics means everything to me; it is part of my reason for being. Even after attending the award reception for one of my DPGs at FNCE® as the only Black person in the room, and being wholly ignored the entire time, I rejoin each year and give my all. I am devoted to dietetics for others, not for myself. I am willing to surmount any adversity to serve the community.

But why should I or anyone have to endure such adversity? 

Devoted to Justice

“…with Liberty and Justice for all.” We have heard these words all our lives. But who is “all”? All do not have equitable access to fresh produce. All do not have access to safe places to exercise. All do not have access to honest health care. All are not harmed at the same rate. All are not protected at the same rate. All are not ignored at the same rate. All do not receive the same education in public schools. All are not hired fairly. All have not been given just access to generational wealth. All are not equally impacted by social determinants of health. All have not been stripped of their heritage and/or their family members.

Food systems are one of the many systems that continue to create disparities in the health, wealth and success of our nation’s citizens. Until the iniquity is acknowledged, addressed and dismantled, Justice for All is not a possibility. We must all be devoted to justice.

There is Nothing You Cannot Do

The percentage of Black RDNs has remained less than 3 percent for well over a decade, in spite of purported efforts toward diversity, inclusion and growth. The Academy is an organization of tens of thousands of esteemed food scientists, medical nutrition therapists, foodservice managers, agriculturists, epidemiologists, public health practitioners, entrepreneurs, professors, researchers and problem-solvers — all in the form of RDNs. Many members hold advanced degrees that require critical thinking and analysis to compose a thesis or dissertation. We are made to assess, diagnose, intervene, monitor and evaluate via evidence-based practices.

All dietitians must utilize their resources to alleviate the impacts of systemic racism as it relates to food and nutrition. We have great power over the nutritional health of the nation’s population and we have an ethical obligation to use that power effectively and efficiently.

Let me phrase this as a PES statement: Nutritional disparities related to systemic racism as evidenced by the entire food system.

It is implausible that, among professionals, membership, and leadership, we don’t have what it takes to provide effective interventions for this etiology. And the intervention begins with toiling for justice in every facet, on every platform.

As educated, determined, and resourceful as we are, there is nothing we cannot do. Nothing.

Equity and Iniquity: The Inedible Portions of Our Food -


The team behind Food & Nutrition Magazine® aims to amplify the voices of people of color and other underrepresented individuals in nutrition and dietetics and highlight the experiences of RDNs, dietetic interns and nutrition and dietetics students. Our goal is not only to stand in solidarity, but also help inform our readers and increase awareness about the importance of diversity in the field of nutrition and dietetics. We know it’s not enough, but we hope it’s a step in the right direction that will support meaningful conversations and a positive change in the profession. 

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Teresa Turner
Teresa Turner, MS, RD, LDN, SNS, FAND is the Army Child & Youth Services (CYS) Nutritionist at Fort George G. Meade, MD. She manages the food service operations of three child development centers, two school-aged centers and one middle school/teen center while also functioning as Meade CYS’s Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP) Administrator. Formerly, Teresa was a Program Coordinator & Nutrition Educator for Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program-Education (SNAP-Ed) with Cooperative Extension at the University of the District of Columbia (UDC).

She has regarded the field of Dietetics as her passion for over 19 years; focusing ardently on child nutrition during the past eight years. She immensely enjoys public speaking and providing education and training as a means to share and utilize her zeal. Teresa received her B.S. degree in dietetics from the historical Tuskegee University, her M.S. degree in nutrition and dietetics from UDC, and completed her dietetic internship at Iowa State University. She currently serves as President-elect of the Maryland Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics (MAND) and looks forward to what her service will contribute to the community and to the profession.